What Are Blood Sugar Levels?

Return to the Dieticians & Nutritionists subcategory

Alternatively, search StartLocal now to find your local hotels near

Ever wondered what blood sugar levels actually are? And what's a healthy blood glucose level for people with and without diabetes?

Here's the lowdown:

What is blood sugar?

Our blood contains glucose (or sugar). The amount of sugar in the blood is called a blood sugar level, blood sugar concentration, or blood glucose level.

We need glucose to provide energy to cells, which is then distributed throughout the body to vital organs.

The body does a good job of regulating our levels as part of normal metabolic processes.

How does blood sugar levels fluctuate?

Our blood glucose levels vary throughout the day, depending on a range of factors. First thing in the morning before eating, we enter the fasting phase.

After eating each meal, our levels increase. However, levels that soar too high indicate hyperglycemia, while too low levels suggest hypoglycemia.

Recurring hyperglycemia can cause diabetes, which is why it?s so important to understand and monitor your blood sugar levels.

What is a normal blood sugar level?

During fasting, a normal reading is between 3 and 5.5 mmo/L (milligrams of glucose per deciliter).

After eating, the normal range is between 3 and 7.8 mmo/L.

A more detailed table of recommended blood sugar levels can be found on the Diabetes website.

How are blood sugar levels tested?

The simplest way to find out your levels is to see a doctor. They can use a range of tests to assess your levels and diagnose diabetes.

This includes:

Random plasma glucose test Fasting plasma glucose test Oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) HbA1c test

If your test returns a result of between 7.8 and 11.1, you?re likely to have an impaired glucose tolerance (this is known as pre-diabetic). Anything above 11.1 is considered a diabetes diagnosis.

Managing your blood sugar levels

If you do not have diabetes but are concerned about your levels, you can look at making simple lifestyle changes to reduce your levels. Adopting a healthier diet, increasing physical activity, keeping a healthy weight, and limiting sugary and fast foods can help.

Speak with a nutritionist , naturopath , or dietician for more tips and support.

Diabetics can use a blood sugar monitor to keep a check on their levels and tweak their medication or diet to match.

Get 3 Quotes From Tradies Now...

Get three qualification-checked home services or renovation providers to compete to do your job. This is the smart way to save time and get jobs done around the house. It takes 3 minutes and 97.2% of people get a better price, a better provider and get their job done faster. Save your time for something more fun and let us do the hard work in finding you the right provider.

Related Article

Level :
Points next level Rank