The Era Of Obesity

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Obesity increases the risk of many diseases. These include diabetes, high blood pressure, atherosclerosis, cardiovascular disease, stroke and some cancers. Obesity can also be the cause of sleep apnea.

Obesity occurs when the energy we input from food and drink is greater than the energy we output through exercise. These small imbalances over a period of time, can cause you to become overweight or obese.

Over the last decade, there has been a major increase in the proportion of adults and children who are overweight or obese.

Increased Risk of Chronic Disease

Generally speaking, the more fat you carry around, the greater risk you are of your health being compromised.

Some of the disease and conditions associated with being overweight or being obese:

High blood pressure; Some cancers Stroke; Cardiovascular disease; Gout; Sleep apnoea; Type 2 diabetes; Insulin resistance; Depression; Musculoskeletal problems such as back pain.

Causes of Obesity

There are a range of factors that can cause obesity. These factors often begin in childhood and adolescents and a wide percentage of these people grow up to become obese or overweight adults.

These causes include:

Consuming a high percentage of sugar. The recommended limit in sugar consumption is 4-5 tsp per day for an adult; Modern living. This means over-utilizing modern conveniences such as televisions, computers, cars and reducing the need to be physically active; Socioeconomic factors. People with lower levels of education and lower incomes are more likely to become overweight or obese. This may be due to the fact that they have fewer opportunities to eat health foods and take part in physical activities; Changes in the food supply. The availability of nutrient dense foods has decreased, making packaged and convenience foods more readily obtainable for time poor people.

To avoid obesity, it is important to eat healthy and get lots of exercise. A diet of balanced portions with a wide variety of fresh foods is the key to optimal weight and optimal health.

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